Real Estate

What is the difference between reinstatement and modification of a home loan or mortgage?

If your mortgage lender has sent you a letter demanding that you pay all of your late payments, as well as all late fees, penalties, and legal fees to stay current, then the process they are working through is called reinstatement of your loan. . Your lender believes that the delinquent amounts do not meet the terms of your mortgage loan. This requires them to demand that you catch up or they must foreclose on your mortgage and keep your home. Can a home loan modification bypass this process and bring you current without having to pay this large amount? If the answer is yes, why is this true? You may ask, what is the difference between a mortgage loan reinstatement and modification?

The payment demand letter a borrower receives is based on the terms of the loan. It only allows you to pay the payment as described in your loan documents. If you are behind on your payments, you will still be bound by the terms of your contract with the lender. There is no language in your loan to allow changes. Therefore, the lender has no choice but to collect or foreclose. It has fallen into arrears and the only contractual way to be up to date is to pay all amounts due. So his loan has been “reinstated” and he can keep his house as long as he continues to make the payments on time. This process is called reinstatement.

But, the problem with the reinstatement process is that if you’re too far behind, you won’t be able to find enough cash to catch up all at once. The language of your loan triggers a foreclosure you can’t stop.

Unless… You can work out an agreement with your lender to “change” the language and terms of your loan. This type of situation will require “modifying” your loan. You change the terms so you can continue to own and pay for your home. It would include interest reduction to lower your monthly payment and take your unpaid payments and pay them back to your loan. The new terms would have the effect of creating new monthly payments, which would be affordable for you. Your monthly payments would now fit into your monthly budget.

Why would the lender do this? Because your lender loses a lot of money every time he forecloses on a home. This is complicated, but the costs your lender must pay may include:

1. The cost of the foreclosure process that goes through the court system.

2. Your house will probably sell for less today than it did a few years ago due to the economy. If your lender receives less than it owes you, then you lose this money.

3. Take care of your home while it is in the process of being sold. This includes large real estate commissions, utility bills, and maintenance.

4. The lender borrowed money from an even larger lender to lend you the money you used to buy your home. Your lender must pay it back.

5. While your home is in foreclosure or for sale, your lender cannot use it as an asset on the bank’s balance sheet. They are then criticized by government regulators.

Well, what does your lender want? First, the lender wants you to catch up on your payments on your own and get a refund. If that’s not possible and you can identify the problems you’ve had that forced you to fall behind, then the lender wants to work with you. The lender wants you to prove what went wrong; what is different today; and how much you can pay. They then need to see if they can make their plan work from their point of view.

If you can agree on terms that work for both of you, then you can change the words or terms of your loan to incorporate the new agreement. You will not get a new loan or a refinance loan. You’ll do a “home loan modification,” which simply changes some of the terms of the loan, so that it now includes your new agreements.

Mortgage loan modifications are done thousands of times a day, due to the current housing crisis. You can do it yourself, if you are familiar with the process. However, this can be tricky. I would interview various experts in mortgage loan modification processes. Find out what they promise, what they charge and if they accept payments. For my recommendation, see my resource box below.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *